First handwritten and then printed, paper books have been around for thousands of years and even though their main purpose has always been to convey us written knowledge, every now and then they have been found to have other uses too. None, however, similar to what San Francisco based artist Alexis Arnold came up with.

Specializing in sculptures, installations and mixed media art focused on time, transformation and perception, Arnold became fascinated with immortalizing forsaken paper based books transforming them in sculptures with “living” crystalls.

In her own words, her book sculptures address the materiality of the book versus the text content of the book itself. “The crystalls remove the text and transform the book into aesthetic, non-functional objects.” Frozen with crystal growth, they (the books) become artifacts or geologic specimens imbued with the history of time, use, and nostalgia!

Source: Designboom